Turmeric is a powerful spice that has been used for centuries in traditional medicine and cooking. It is derived from the root of the Curcuma longa plant, native to India and other parts of Asia. Turmeric has an earthy, slightly bitter flavor and it’s often used in curries, stews, and other dishes for its distinct flavor and health benefits. Turmeric is known for its bright yellow color, which is due to the presence of curcuminoids — a group of active compounds containing antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Curcumin, one of the most widely studied curcuminoid compounds, has been linked to various health benefits such as improved digestion, lowered inflammation, and improved cognitive function.

In addition to its culinary uses, turmeric is also used in many traditional Ayurvedic remedies, especially those focused on digestive health. Turmeric has been shown to support gut health by providing antioxidants that help protect the lining of the stomach from damage caused by free radicals. It can also help reduce inflammation in the body, which can ease symptoms of digestive disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome. Other potential health benefits of turmeric include its ability to support heart health and protect against certain types of cancers.

Curcuminoids, the main active ingredients in turmeric, are a group of compounds that contain antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The most widely studied curcuminoid is curcumin, which has been linked to various health benefits such as improved digestion, lowered inflammation, and improved cognitive function. Additionally, research suggests that certain compounds in turmeric may possess antifungal, antiviral, and antimicrobial properties.

Herbal Profile

Botanical Name: Curcuma longa

Common Names: Turmeric, Indian Saffron

Plant Family: Zingiberaceae (Ginger)

Countries of Origin: India, other parts of Asia

Parts Used as Medicine: Root

Therapeutic Properties: Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, supports digestive health

Contraindications: Turmeric may interact with certain medications, including blood thinners and drugs that affect the liver. Speak to your doctor before taking turmeric if you are currently taking any medication. Additionally, pregnant or breastfeeding women should talk to their doctors before using turmeric supplements.

Health benefits of Turmeric


Turmeric is a potent anti-inflammatory agent that has been used for centuries in traditional Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine to alleviate pain and inflammation associated with arthritis. It contains the active compound curcumin, which has powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Studies have shown that curcumin can help reduce joint swelling, pain, and stiffness associated with arthritis, as well as reduce inflammatory markers in the blood. It may also help slow down the progression of degenerative joint disease and improve overall joint health. Additionally, curcumin can protect cartilage cells from damage and destruction, which may further help preserve the joints’ integrity and function. Therefore, adding turmeric to your diet may help reduce the symptoms of arthritis and improve overall joint health. However, it is important to note that turmeric should not be used as a stand-alone treatment for arthritis; it should be combined with lifestyle changes, including getting regular exercise and eating a healthy diet.

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Turmeric has been found to have powerful anti-diabetic effects. Studies indicate that curcumin, the active compound in turmeric, can help reduce insulin resistance and improve glucose control. It has also been shown to reduce fasting blood sugar levels, as well as reducing triglycerides, total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol, which are all risk factors for type 2 diabetes and its complications. Additionally, curcumin has been found to increase the effectiveness of medications used to treat diabetes, such as metformin, glibenclamide and pioglitazone. It is thought that turmeric works by improving glucose metabolism in the body and reducing inflammation which can interfere with insulin signaling. So if you have diabetes, adding turmeric to your diet may be beneficial in managing the condition. Just make sure to consult your healthcare provider before making any dietary changes. Additionally, it is important to note that turmeric should not be used in place of any prescribed diabetic medication.


Research suggests that turmeric’s main active component, curcumin, is particularly beneficial to cancer patients. Curcumin has been found to possess a wide range of anti-cancer properties, including the ability to inhibit tumor growth and suppress metastasis (the spread of cancer cells into other tissues). Studies have also shown that curcumin can help reduce inflammation in the body, which may prevent some forms of cancer from developing.

Apart from curcumin, turmeric also contains other compounds that can be beneficial to cancer patients. These include the bioactive compound known as ferulic acid, which has been shown to reduce tumor growth and increase survival rates in some types of cancer. The plant-based antioxidant quercetin found in turmeric has also been found to inhibit the growth of cancer cells in laboratory studies.

Skin health

Turmeric has been used for centuries as a remedy to improve skin health. This yellow-orange spice is packed with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, making it an ideal natural treatment for skin conditions such as acne, eczema, psoriasis, rosacea and wrinkles.

One of the most powerful benefits of turmeric is its ability to reduce inflammation in the skin. Its active compound, curcumin, is widely-studied for its anti-inflammatory properties and has been found to be effective in reducing redness, swelling and other signs of inflammation.

Turmeric can also help protect the skin from sun damage by acting as a natural sunscreen due to its antioxidant properties. It helps to protect the skin from free radical damage, which can lead to premature wrinkles and other signs of aging.

Turmeric is also known for its antibacterial properties, making it an ideal natural treatment for acne-prone skin. Its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects help reduce redness and inflammation associated with breakouts.

Gut health

Turmeric is known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which makes it a great ingredient for enhancing gut health. Research has shown that turmeric can help increase beneficial bacteria in the digestive system, reduce inflammation in the intestines, and even protect against gastrointestinal diseases. It may also improve digestion, as well as reduce symptoms of bloating and gas. Additionally, turmeric can help reduce the risk of leaky gut syndrome and improve the absorption of vitamins and minerals from food. By helping to balance gut bacteria, turmeric can have a positive effect on overall health and well-being. It is important to note that it should be taken in conjunction with other dietary changes for maximum benefit. Incorporating turmeric into your diet with a healthy balance of probiotics, prebiotics and fiber is the key to improving your gut health. Additionally, regular exercise and getting adequate rest are also important for maintaining a healthy gut.

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Side Effects of Turmeric

Although turmeric is a generally safe spice, some people may experience side effects when consuming it. These include nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, and headaches. High doses of turmeric may also lead to low blood sugar levels as well as an increased risk of developing kidney stones. Additionally, taking large amounts of this spice over long periods of time may cause stomach upset and other gastrointestinal problems. Furthermore, it is important to note that pregnant women should not take turmeric as it can increase the risk of miscarriage. Lastly, people with gallbladder issues should also avoid taking large amounts of this spice because it may worsen their condition. Therefore, those who are considering adding turmeric to their diet should discuss it with their doctor first to ensure that it is safe for them.

Frequently Asked Questions

What medication should be avoided with turmeric?

Turmeric can interact with certain medications, so it’s important to speak with your doctor before taking turmeric. Turmeric may interact with blood-thinning medications, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cholesterol-lowering drugs, and diabetes medications.

What happens when you take turmeric everyday?

Studies suggest that taking turmeric every day may have health benefits, including reducing inflammation and pain. It is also thought to help improve digestion and reduce symptoms of depression. Additionally, taking turmeric on a daily basis may boost the immune system.

Is too much turmeric harmful?

Turmeric is generally safe for most people when taken in moderate doses. However, consuming large amounts of turmeric may cause side effects, such as an upset stomach or nausea. It is also important to check with your doctor before taking more than the recommended dosage.

When should I avoid turmeric?

Turmeric should be avoided by people who are pregnant or breastfeeding and those who have gallbladder problems. Additionally, it is important to speak with your doctor if you are taking any medications, as turmeric may interact with them. It is also recommended that people avoid taking too much turmeric at once, and consult a healthcare professional before taking large doses.


  • Noor Ain, BSc, Master Herbalist

    Noor Ain has Bachelor of Science (BSc) from Clarkson University New York and Florida Atlantic University Florida. In addition he has completed Advanced Master Herbalist Diploma Course, Center of Excel...

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