Ginger is a fragrant, edible root commonly used as a spice in cooking. It is native to Southeast Asia and has since spread across the world, with ginger now grown in many tropical climates. Ginger has been used for centuries as both food and medicine, possessing anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and digestive properties. The most common form of ginger is the dried root, which has a strong, spicy aroma and taste. When fresh, ginger can be used in a variety of dishes for added flavor and fragrance. The leaves of the ginger plant can also be eaten, though they tend to have a milder flavor than the root. Ginger can also be juiced or made into tea for an easy, flavor-packed beverage. No matter how you choose to use it, ginger is a powerful natural ingredient with numerous health benefits.

Herbal Profile

Botanical Name: Zingiber officinale

Common Names: Ginger, Ginger Root

Plant Family: Zingiberaceae

Countries of origin: India, China, Japan, Southeast Asia

Parts Used as medicine: Root and rhizome (underground stem)

Therapeutic Properties: Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, digestive aid.

Contraindications: Pregnant and nursing women should not take ginger without consulting a doctor first.

Nutrition: Vitamins A, B6, C, E; calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium.

Ginger contains gingerol which is an anti-inflammatory compound that may help reduce inflammation in the body. It can also help to reduce nausea, improve digestion and boost immunity. Additionally, it has anti-bacterial and antioxidant benefits which can help protect the body from illnesses and disease. Ginger is a truly versatile ingredient that can be used in both sweet and savory dishes. From stir fries and soups to baked goods like cookies or gingerbread, the possibilities are endless.

Ginger Health Benefits


Ginger is a popular root with many uses in traditional and modern medicine. Ginger has long been used to help treat diabetes, though research on its effects is limited. Studies suggest that ginger may help reduce fasting blood sugar levels, improve insulin sensitivity, lower cholesterol, and increase HDL (good) cholesterol in people with type 2 diabetes. It may also help manage other diabetes-related complications such as heart disease and kidney problems. While more research is needed, ginger may be a useful natural supplement to help manage diabetes symptoms. Talk to your doctor before trying ginger or any other supplement as part of your type 2 diabetes treatment plan.

Additional benefits of ginger include its anti-inflammatory effects, which can help reduce pain and inflammation in people with diabetes. It may also help improve digestion, which is key for managing diabetes symptoms.

Weight loss

Ginger has long been known for its many health benefits, including aiding in weight loss. It is a natural appetite suppressant that can help reduce cravings and keep you from overeating. The active compounds in ginger, such as gingerols and shogaols, help to regulate blood sugar levels which may lead to improved metabolism. Ginger also helps to stimulate thermogenesis, which is the body’s process of burning calories and converting them into energy. This means that ginger can help you burn more fat and calories more quickly, aiding in weight loss. In addition, ginger helps to improve digestive health as it increases saliva production and helps flush out toxins from your system. Finally, ginger has been shown to reduce inflammation, which can help reduce any water weight and bloating you may be experiencing. All of these benefits make ginger a great addition to any weight loss plan!

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Ginger has long been used to treat inflammation, and recent research suggests that it may be beneficial for those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder which causes the body’s immune system to attack its own healthy tissues, resulting in pain and inflammation of the joints and surrounding areas. Studies have demonstrated that ginger contains anti-inflammatory compounds which can help reduce the severity of these symptoms. Additionally, consuming fresh or powdered ginger may also suppress cytokines, which are molecules responsible for causing inflammation in the body. Another study showed that a daily dose of 2 grams of powdered ginger could reduce joint pain and swelling in participants with rheumatoid arthritis after just four weeks of use. While more research is needed to fully understand the potential of ginger as a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, these initial findings suggest that it may be an effective natural remedy.


Ginger has been used for centuries to help with nausea, motion sickness, and indigestion. It is thought that the active ingredients in ginger work by blocking serotonin receptors in your stomach that trigger nausea. Research suggests that taking 1 gram of ginger can reduce nausea for those undergoing chemotherapy or experiencing morning sickness during pregnancy. Ginger may also increase stomach emptying, reducing the feeling of fullness and bloating.

While ginger is generally safe when taken in moderate amounts, it can interact with certain medications and cause side effects such as heartburn or abdominal discomfort. To be on the safe side, you should speak to your doctor before taking large doses of ginger for nausea relief.

Cardiovascular health

Ginger has long been known to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular health. Studies have shown that it can reduce bad cholesterol, improve blood circulation, and even help protect against atherosclerosis. It also helps regulate blood pressure, by increasing the production of nitric oxide which helps relax the walls of your arteries. This improves blood flow and allows for better oxygen and nutrient delivery to your organs. Additionally, ginger is known to reduce inflammation, which helps protect against heart disease. Finally, the antioxidants found in ginger help prevent damage from free radicals, ultimately protecting your heart and keeping it healthy. All of these benefits combined make ginger an excellent choice for promoting cardiovascular health.

Improves digestion

Ginger is a root that has been used in many cultures as an herbal remedy for centuries. It is known to aid digestion and reduce stomach discomfort due to its anti-inflammatory properties. Ginger can help soothe the digestive tract by increasing bile flow, promoting peristalsis, reducing gas and bloating, and aiding in overall digestion. It can even help reduce the effects of occasional indigestion and heartburn. Ginger contains some compounds, such as gingerols and shogaols, that have been proven to be effective in reducing nausea. Additionally, ginger is known to increase saliva production which aids in breaking down food more easily and quickly. The root also helps relax muscles of the digestive tract, allowing food to pass through more smoothly and efficiently. Finally, ginger helps reduce inflammation in the gut which can help improve digestion. Therefore, adding ginger to your diet can aid in digestion and provide relief from occasional indigestion symptoms.

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Immunity-boosting properties

Ginger is known for its ability to boost the immune system. It contains bioactive compounds that are believed to fight off infections, help reduce inflammation, and stimulate the body’s natural defenses. Studies have shown that ginger can inhibit the growth of certain bacteria and viruses, including those responsible for colds and flu-like symptoms. Ginger also contains a compound called gingerol, which has antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Additionally, ginger helps to reduce oxidative stress in the body, which can lead to better immunity and overall health. Further studies have shown that regular consumption of ginger can boost natural killer cell activity and other immune-related activities. This is why many people take ginger to help fight off infection, inflammation and other illnesses.

Cancer-fighting benefits

Ginger is an ancient root with a legendary reputation for its health benefits. Recent studies have found that ginger may have cancer-fighting potential and can be used to reduce inflammation, boost the immune system and help regulate cell growth. Ginger contains compounds called gingerols which have antioxidant properties that protect cells from oxidative stress damage caused by free radicals, which can lead to cancer. In addition, gingerols have been found to inhibit the growth of certain types of cancer cells, such as prostate and breast cancers. Ginger also has anti-inflammatory properties which may help reduce inflammation-associated cancer cell formation. Furthermore, ginger can help regulate cell growth by inhibiting the production of certain hormones and proteins that are involved in the growth and spread of cancer cells. For these reasons, ginger may be a promising natural remedy for those seeking to reduce their risk of developing cancer.

Forms & Uses for Ginger in Cooking & Medicine

Ginger is available in a variety of forms, including fresh root, ground powder and capsules. It can be used in many different dishes and recipes, as well as for medicinal purposes. Some of the most common uses for ginger include:

Cooking: Ginger is commonly used in all sorts of cuisines to add a delicious flavor and aroma to dishes.

Tea: Ginger tea is a popular beverage made from steeping fresh or dried ginger in hot water. It has many health benefits and can also help soothe an upset stomach.

Supplement: Ginger supplements are widely available, providing the same beneficial compounds but with less of the flavor of fresh ginger root.

Traditional Medicine: Ginger is often used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including nausea, headaches and digestive issues.

Ginger Essential Oil: Ginger essential oil is made by steam-distilling the fresh root to extract its beneficial compounds. It can be used topically or aromatically and has many therapeutic benefits.

Side Effects & Contraindications

Although ginger can provide many health benefits, it is important to be aware of any potential side effects or contraindications that may occur from its use.

Short-term side effects: Consuming large amounts of ginger can cause heartburn, diarrhea and other digestive issues.

Precautionary measures: Those with a history of gallbladder or kidney stones should check with their doctor before taking ginger supplements. Additionally, it is important to note that pregnant women, children, elderly adults and people taking certain medications should avoid consuming large amounts of fresh or powdered ginger.

Long-term adverse effects: In general, ingesting moderate amounts of ginger has not been linked to any long-term adverse effects. However, consuming high amounts of ginger on a regular basis may increase the risk for certain issues.

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Ginger is a popular culinary and medicinal herb that has been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments. It contains powerful active compounds that can help promote digestion, provide anti-inflammatory benefits, reduce pain and improve overall heart health. While moderate consumption of ginger is generally safe, consuming large amounts may lead to certain side effects or contraindications in some individuals. Therefore, it is important to consult your healthcare provider prior to including ginger in your diet.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is it safe to consume large amounts of ginger?

Consuming large amounts of ginger can lead to certain side effects, such as heartburn and digestive issues. It is generally recommended to consume no more than 4 grams of fresh or powdered ginger per day. Additionally, it is important for pregnant women, children, elderly adults and people taking certain medications to avoid consuming high amounts of ginger.

Does ginger interact with other drugs?

Ginger may interact with certain medications, such as blood thinners and diabetes medications. Therefore, it is important to check with your doctor before taking ginger supplements if you are taking any prescription or over-the-counter drugs.

What forms of ginger can I take?

Ginger is available in many forms, including fresh root, dried powder, extracts and capsules.

Is fresh ginger more beneficial than powdered or capsule forms?

Fresh ginger root has a higher concentration of active compounds compared to other forms of ginger. However, all forms are beneficial and can provide potential health benefits.

Who should avoid taking ginger?

Pregnant women, children, elderly adults and people taking certain medications should always consult with their doctor before including ginger in their diet.

Can I give my child ginger to help treat an upset stomach?

It is generally recommended that children under the age of 2 not consume any form of ginger. Additionally, it is important to consult with your child’s doctor before giving them ginger for any health condition.


Ginger on Human Health: A Comprehensive Systematic Review of 109 Randomized Controlled Trials

Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects – The Amazing and Mighty Ginger

Ginger and its active constituents as therapeutic agents: Recent perspectives with molecular evidences

Anti-Oxidative and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Ginger in Health and Physical Activity: Review of Current Evidence


  • Noor Ain, BSc, Master Herbalist

    Noor Ain has Bachelor of Science (BSc) from Clarkson University New York and Florida Atlantic University Florida. In addition he has completed Advanced Master Herbalist Diploma Course, Center of Excel...

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